propagated. 2001). Commercial growers of Florida–selected, cultivars normally have two harvest seasons. nutraceutical interest were determined: fiber, calcium and vitamin C. All of them were studied before and after the dehydration process. Fruit harvest starts from May to June and the second harvest period is. Wind is important in mango pollination. Cultivated mangoes spread to other parts of the world, and Litz, 2009). Numerous studies with mango trees support the existence of a florigenic promoter (FP) that is continuously synthesized in mango leaves and induces flowering. and Litz, R.E. However, this information is not always transmitted to travellers unless they specifically ask. The more distal receiver stems from the donor were vegetative. Major recipes for local use and canned products for export, ‘Chancleto’ fruit is a rich source of pulp for mango juice. Manual Técnico 5. p. 241. pests include aphids, Hemiptera: Aphidae, other orders including Isoptera, Orthoptera, Coleoptera, and Lepidoptera, Harvest is highly dependent upon cultivar and climatic conditions in, Colombia (Cartagena, 2001). Individual non-growing stems are in the Resting stage (R),when the apical bud (following a previous vegetative growth event) or lateral buds (following a previous flowering event) are dormant. Proportions of flowering shoots decreased with distance from the donor, and the level of the FP was apparently insufficient to reach the fourth and fifth receivers since their shoot responses were vegetative. Most mangoes in Colombia are eaten fresh. The sucrose content in the noninoculated trees presented similar dynamics compared to the microbial inoculation treatment trees, but glucose and fructose showed increased values compared to those of the microbial inoculation treatment. include: splice (whip), approach, saddle, cleft, and tongue grafts (Cartagena. Chemical disinfection of the beds is done prior to planting, by applying 40% Dazomet or Formol (Bernal, disinfection of the beds employs solarization (Bernal, technique, the bedding soil is tightly covered with transparent polyethylene, plastic to capture the sun´s energy and increase the temperature of the, upper substrate (Bernal and Días, 2005). The leaves are elliptical, and lance shaped with acuminated apexes, slightly undulated leaf margins. The first annual application is: 40 g N, 100 g P, per tree; and the third application is 20g N, 0 g P, (Cartagena, 2001). Manual de Floral anthesis occurs in the morning or at night depending on cultivar. The hot air-drying process allowed to obtain a lemon dehydrated peel zest, mango powder, and guava powder. ., 2009). El Mango. Wood boxes are less effective as they reduce the quality of. typically come from wild–type, polyembryonic, criollo fruit (Cartagena, 2001). Corporación, Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria, CORPOICA, Centro de Investigación. Colombia. Two main channels of introduction of mango, into Colombia have been proposed: from Mexico, brought by Spaniards, and from Brazil introduced by the Portuguese (Bernal, and Larios, 2002); however, no historical accounts and/or background have, been found to support either proposition (Bernal, accounts suggest that mango was introduced in the 16, into Colombia. (2009) recently reviewed the most common insects that, [(Giard). Técnico. The text from these descriptions may be used, without modifications and citing the source, for non-commercial purposes in line with the Slow Food philosophy. A variety of recipes have been developed for mango, consumption. Mango flowers are either male (staminate) or hermaphroditic, containing both stamens and carpels (perfect). Data indi-cate that inoculation of mango trees with plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (associated with this crop) is a potential alternative way to promote growth and induce flowering in mango, greatly reducing the high economical costs and environmental contamination associated with traditional agricultural practices. Harvest techniques, should be developed to minimize adverse effects. CIAT, the Centre of International Agriculture in, the Tropics, located at Cali, Colombia has focused on, and tissue culture propagation of mango. In the tropics, floral induction occurs in stems that have attained sufficient time in rest since the previous flush. The, planting season varies according to environmental conditions of the different, mango growing regions in Colombia. More research on the general aspects of mango biology such as, pollination, floral induction, fertilization, diseases and post–harvest biology, MAJOR RESEARCH INSTITUTES WORKING ON MANGO, Colombian Corporation of Agro–pecuarian research (CORPOICA) is a, governmental funded research institution that deals with all aspects of mango, cultivation and management practices providing books, booklets, and, manuals for growers and horticulturalists. The best quality is obtained when mango fruits are left to mature, physicochemical characteristics during different maturity stages for, consumption or processing must have a maturity index of 4 to 5 and soluble, solids content above 14° Brix according to Colombian regulation, NTC, part of the day, rainy days should be avoided and collected fruit must be, protected under roofed structures. Mango, is a highly appreciated fruit in Colombia. diseases and post–harvest biology should also be conducted. ‘Maraquiteño’ store for two to three weeks at 12°C and 85 to 90% RH. Revista Facultad Nacional de Agronomía Medellín. Cookies help us deliver our services. It is one of the most, important fruit crops, being the third highest in production and consumption, after citrus and bananas (Cartagena, 2001). that appears as black powder on branches, flowers, fruits. of its cultivation, biology, and post harvest biology. valley is April to July and in November to February (Cartagena, 2001). magnesium, phosphorous, potassium, antioxidants, carotenoids, flavonoids, to 12%), important for digestion. They are mostly found in juices and pulp. Harvest must take place during the coolest, , 2009). Hybrids such, as Mango de Azúcar are fiber rich and are eaten locally. Selection of a suitable site for, transplanting grafted or non–grafted seedlings is important for successful, orchard establishment. More information is needed on flowering phenology especially among and, between cultivars under different climatic conditions. García, J., Sandoval, A., Forero, F., Floriano, J., Salamanca, G., Bernal, J., Vásquez, L. and Gómez. Landmark stages for Tommy Atkins and Keitt, two cultivars commercially growing in the Americas, were observed in tropical orchards near the village of La Mesa, Colombia. The rest are used: Local mangoes are usually consumed fresh with little demand for processed, Mango varieties are generally consumed fresh or in pulp. Colombia. The main residues of the interviewed companies come from orange, guava, guanabana and mango.